Medical University of Bialystok
  • Founded in the year: 1950
  • Type: (Government) Public Medical University
  • Research Faculties: 8
  • Number of Students: 6000 +
  • Academic Staff: 850 +
  • Years of Tradition in Medicine: Since 1768 - 255 years in 2023

Study Medicine at MUB. The Medical University of Bialystok is a prestigious, rapidly growing Polish academic center. Academic staff educate well and shape regional opinion. 129 professors and 141 habilitated physicians instruct 808 academics. This percentage ranks high among Polish universities. The Medical University of Bialystok’s Centre for Innovative Research won the Polish Ministry of Higher Education’s inaugural contest in July 2012, placing first among all faculties. The Faculty of Health Sciences got category “A” and was one of the top positions in the rankings Leading National Research Centre 2012-2017 (Krajowy Naukowy Osrodek Wiodacy-KNOW), and in 2013, the Centre for Innovative Research was named Podlasie Brand of the Year. The University consistently ranks well nationally.

Glimpse in the History of Medical University in Bialystok
The 17th Century


Hospitals in Bialystok began in the 17th century. The Wiesiołowski family’s asylum was the first hospital. Medical advances occurred under the Branicki family in the 18th century.

The Ton Cinema building’s parish hospital gained extra equipment. As long as they didn’t have an infectious condition, three severely destitute, disabled, flops, and beggars were admitted to the hospital, while those who could serve the church were meant to be aged Old, vain ladies were anticipated. The Branicki family established the Sisters of Mercy convent in 1768 with a 12-bed infirmary. Five sisters who could feed, medicate, draw blood, mend wounds, and care for the ill were brought to the convent. Commander Branicki founded a Jewish hospital in the Jewish area.

The 18th Century


In 1790, Izabella Poniatowska launched the Palace School for Midwives in the Branicki Palace, starting clinical medicine in Bialystok. Obstetric surgeon Dr. Jakub Feliks de Michelis founded and directed the institution.

The MUB’s Museum of the History of Medicine and Pharmacy is situated in the doctor’s right-wing residences. The Midwifery Institute was one of the earliest Polish schools to train midwives. It ran until 1837. It was first at the Branicki Palace, then in a nearby building. The program lasted two semesters. Female students attended lectures on women’s anatomy, pregnancy, and normal and abnormal deliveries, and practiced on a mannequin in the first semester of theoretical study. The second semester was practice. The School’s eight-bed maternity clinic. Dr. Michelis characterized his prospective midwife as “…not sickly, but rather robust, strong, not too elderly, not too thick or obese… her fingers should be straight, the hand should be thin, the skin on it smooth and delicate: this is why such ladies should beware of strenuous labor, or washing a huge laundry. The value of a midwife or a healthy life and untainted opinion is the greatest. Above all, they should avoid destroying mayhem and drinking, the worst immoralities.”

Dr. Jakub Feliks de Michelis wrote three obstetrics books. He died in 1820 still connected to Bialystok.

The 19th & 20th Century

Bialystok’s asylums were its first hospitals. The first municipal hospital subsequently named St. Roch Hospital, opened in a Lipowa tenement home in the 1840s. It held 52 people.

Dr. Konrad Fiedorowicz led a hospital revolution in Białystok in 1922. His efforts united many minor municipal hospitals into St. Roch. The Tsar army barracks at Piwna Street (now Maria Skłodowska-Curie Street) were chosen. Białystok’s clinical center, including university and provincial hospitals, remains there. Białystok’s Isaac Zabłudowski Jewish hospital opened in the 1870s. Aleksandrowska Street was its location (today, it is the Oncology Centre building at Warszawska Street). It treated the majority of Białystok’s medically needy patients. In 1902, ul. Warszawska 29 got a new hospital. Initially, the Russian Red Cross ran it. In 1920, the American Red Cross Mission took over, and in 1921, the Polish Red Cross did. Hospitals had 30 beds. The Polish Red Cross courses were given by Dr. Irena Białówna, Prof. Konrad Fiedorowicz, and Dr. Jan Walewski. In the 1950s, Professor Jakub Chlebowski ran MAB’s interim Clinic of Internal Diseases.

1915 –1950


The Doctors’ Academy became Bialystok’s first Medical Academy on January 1, 1950. The University had one Faculty—Medicine. The school was downtown. The Academy moved to Branicki Palace.

The MUB Campus’s Birth
The Medical Academy in Bialystok was Poland’s first medical institution to acquire a Baroque palace. On December 31, 1949, the Bialystok Province Governor gave the old Branicki Palace to north-eastern Poland’s first medical institution.

Student groups formed when the Academy began training medical students.

Following other prestigious institutions, the Medical University of Bialystok established a Botanical Garden and Medicinal Plants Garden. It opened in 1950 at Palace Park.

1955 – 1960

MAB Białystok Annuals: The First Scientific Journal
The Medical Academy of Bialystok needs a scientific publication due to its significant research and education expansion. In 1955, the J. Marchlewski Medical Academy Annuals editing office was founded in Bialystok.


MAB’s First Honorary Doctorate
“Doctor Honoris Causa” is a university’s highest distinction for a distinguished individual. MAB was initially awarded the title in 1960.

1962 – 1976

“A Giant Construction”—MAB’s First Hospital -1962
The State Teaching Hospital, now the University Teaching Hospital, was Bialystok’s Medical Academy’s greatest clinic-building project.

NEW STUDY: Dentistry – 1969
Prof. L. Komczyński, MAB Rector, founded the Dentistry Department.

Largest Sports Hall – 1976
MAB expanded sports and leisure facilities throughout the 1970s. The tennis court, gym, and fields were refurbished in 1975.

1977 –1982

Pharmacy Faculty Launch – 1977
The Medical Academy added the Faculty of Pharmacy and Department of Medical Analytics in 1977. It was initially proposed in the 1950s.

Bialystok’s healthcare system languished without a pediatric hospital for generations. The region’s first Children’s Clinical Hospital solved this problem in the 1980s.

The Collegium Pathologicum is a University landmark. S. Mitkiewicz engineered the building in 1972.

1987 – 1990

Poland’s first in-vitro fertilization
Polish medicine advanced in 1987. The first Polish IVF baby, a female, was born at MAB’s Gynaecology Clinic on November 12.

MAGNA HALL: No Ballroom Anymore – 1990
Magna Hall is one of the Medical University of Bialystok’s most beautiful spaces. The area was split into a ballroom, parade dining room, and royal apartment in the 18th century.


Health sciences faculty opening.
Medical education reached another milestone in 2003. The Medical Academy in Bialystok created the Nursing and Health Care Faculty that year.

2004 began historical developments. The Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry created an English-language Division of Medical Education for foreigners.

Health sciences faculty opening.
Medical education reached another milestone in 2003. The Medical Academy in Bialystok created the Nursing and Health Care Faculty that year.

2004 began historical developments. The Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry created an English-language Division of Medical Education for foreigners.

Polish Baroque houses include the Medical University of Bialystok’s Branicki Palace.

MAB Becomes MUB – 2008
In his 2007 inauguration address, former MAB Rector professor Jan Górski declared, “I can say without any question that this has been our success.”

University Museum – 2011
Like other renowned universities, the Medical University of Bialystok launched its Museum of the History of Medicine and Pharmacy in 2011.


MUB Research Centers
The Medical University’s changeover from the Academy signaled the start of fast research center establishment and execution.

2020 till today

The MUB pioneered large-scale research in genomes, proteomics, metabolomics, radionics, bioinformatics, and medical artificial intelligence.

Innovative cohort studies to diagnose lifestyle illnesses early (Białystok Plus, 10k patients) and a reference model for individualized malignant tumor diagnosis is pending strategic research initiatives (Strategmed). The MUB created Poland’s first medical AI center, which generates high-quality complex data sets from lifestyle illness patients. The MUB excels in lifestyle disease biobanking.

The Ministry of Science and Higher Education’s “Initiative of Excellence – Research University” competition placed MUB among Poland’s top 20 institutions. The foreign specialists evaluating the contenders advised the Polish government to fund MUB in Podlasie’s breakthrough HD Medicine concept.

The School is rapidly expanding its partnerships with international scientists from global scientific and research centers like the Mayo Clinic, the National Institute of Health in Bethesda, USA, Harvard Medical School, University of Pennsylvania, Universitätsmedizin Greifswald, Universidad CEU San Pablo, Madrid, and China Agricultural University.